(Solved): You Have Been Asked To Prepare The Monthly Cash Budget For June And July For The Merchandise And Me...
You have been asked to prepare the monthly cash budget for June and July for the Merchandise and Mercantile Company. The company sells a unique product that is specially made for it by a major product manufacturer. The selling price is $18.00 per unit. All sales are on account.
Merchandise purchases are also on account. The policy of the company is to purchase sufficient quantity of product to ensure that each monthâ€™s ending inventory is 50% of the following monthâ€™s expected sales quantity.
The assignment file contains extracts from the general journal showing the journal entries pertaining to certain relevant transactions that have occurred and a set of entries the bookkeeper has provided that indicate the transactions expected to occur affecting cash, accounts payable, accounts receivable, and merchandise inventory accounts due to the projected sales revenues and projected merchandise purchases on the master budget. This analysis, with other additional data, is shown below. Assume today is May 31, 20X1, and that all dollar amounts are in thousands of dollars.
|Information From Accounting Records and Planning Documents|
|Extracts From the May 31 Adjusted Trial Balance|
|Extracts From the General Journal|
|April 30||Accounts receivable, April sales||34,000|
|Accounts receivable, April sales||16,660|
|Bad debt expense, percentage of April sales||1,360|
|Allowance for doubtful accounts||1,360|
|May 31||Accounts receivable, May sales||56,700|
|Accounts receivable, April sales||13,600|
|Accounts receivable, May sales||27,783|
|Accounts payable, May purchases||14,700|
|Accounts payable, May purchases||11,025|
|Cash, payment May purchases||11,025|
|Projected Entries to the General Journal for Selected|
|Anticipated Transactions as per Master Budget|
|June 30||Accounts receivable, June sales||75,600|
|Cost of sales for June||16,800|
|Accounts payable, May purchases||3,675|
|Cash, May purchases||3,675|
|Accounts receivable, April sales||2,380|
|July 31||Accounts receivable, July sales||64,080|
|August 31||Accounts receivable, August sales||82,080|
|Period fixed expenses, August||2,100|
|Accumulated depreciation, August||550|
|Variable operating expenses (percent of sales)||8,208|
|1.||Calculate the cost per unit of merchandise inventory.|
|Cost Per Unit|
Prepare a schedule showing the quantity of sales, ending inventory, beginning inventory and the quantity of product purchased in May, June, and July.
|May June July|
Use the price per unit of inventory purchased and the quantity purchased to determine the expenditure for purchases in May, June, and July.
|May June July|
|Cost of purchases|
Calculate the percentages of sales the company expects to collect in the month of the sale and in the two months following the sale. What is the percentage of uncollectible sales? Assume that the percentages calculated for the month for which data is provided also apply to sales for any month of the year.
|% Collected in april|
|%Collected in May|
|% collected in June|
|5.||Calculate the percentages of May and June merchandise purchases the company expects to pay in June.|
|Merchandise puerchases % %|
|6.||Calculate the balance in the accounts receivable on June 30. Assume all receivables are due to sales on account.|
Calculate the balance in the cash account on June 30, based on the transactions projected to occur in June. Use the collection and disbursement percentages previously calculated. Assume that fixed expenses occur evenly in each month of the year.
Prepare a cash budget for July, in good form. Use the collection and disbursement percentages previously calculated. (Amounts to be deducted should be indicated by a minus sign.)
CASH BUDGET FOR JULY
MONTH ENDED JULY 31 20XX
|July cash collections|
|July cash disbursements for merchandise purchases|
|selling and administartive expenses|