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(Solved): Market Value Ratios Ratios Are Mostly Calculated Using Data Drawn From The Financial Statements Of A...


Market value ratios

Ratios are mostly calculated using data drawn from the financial statements of a firm. However, another group of ratios, called market value ratios, relate to a firm’s observable market value, stock prices, and book values, integrating information from both the market and the firm’s financial statements.

Consider the case of Green Caterpillar Garden Supplies Inc.:

Green Caterpillar Garden Supplies Inc. just reported earnings after tax (also called net income) of $9,250,000 and a current stock price of $12.00 per share. The company is forecasting an increase of 25% for its after-tax income next year, but it also expects it will have to issue 3,000,000 new shares of stock (raising its shares outstanding from 5,500,000 to 8,500,000).

If Green Caterpillar’s forecast turns out to be correct and its price/earnings (P/E) ratio does not change, what does the company’s management expect its stock price to be one year from now? (Round any P/E ratio calculation to four decimal places.)

$9.71 per share

$12.00 per share

$7.28 per share

$12.14 per share

One year later, Green Caterpillar’s shares are trading at $55.80 per share, and the company reports the value of its total common equity as $16,507,000. Given this information, Green Caterpillar’s market-to-book (M/B) ratio is   .

Can a company’s shares exhibit a negative P/E ratio?

No

Yes

Which of the following statements is true about market value ratios?

Companies with high research and development (R&D) expenses tend to have high P/E ratios.

Companies with high research and development (R&D) expenses tend to have low P/E ratios.



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Answer a. This Year: Earnings per share = Earnings after tax / Number of shares Earnings per share = $9,250,000 / 5,500,000 Earnings per share = $1.68 P/E ratio = Current price per share / Earnings pe
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